FOREIGN POLICY - OLD VALUES, NEW OBJECTIVES
Foreign relations: sovereignty and partnership
After the collapse of Communism, Hungarian foreign policy decision makers identified three priorities: improve the situation of Hungarians living in neighbouring countries, develop good relations with our neighbours and integrate into the Euro-Atlantic block. The past twenty years have proven that the three goals have only partially been achieved. The incompetency of Hungarian governments prevented the EU accession from generating a real boom for the country and the Hungarian nation as a whole. In fact, our situation deteriorated in several respects. Our subservient foreign policy leaders, who were trying to comply with any external demands, missed the historic opportunities entailed by the changing balance of international (and European) powers, thus entering into a bargaining process contrary to the interest of the nation. Hungary's sovereignty was shaken.
In Jobbik's view: Hungary's foreign policy needs to be laid on new foundations with the cornerstone of strengthening our national sovereignty in a well-considered alliance structure. On the European level, we support the concept of a European Union functioning as the cooperation of free nations, including the political forces championing this cause. Our foreign policy assigns a key role to the development of the best possible relations with the three great powers that define the situation of the Central European region: Germany, Russia and Turkey. We are convinced that we can and must take this step, even though it is not easy to implement amidst the existing foreign political skirmishes. Germany is the political and economic centre of the European Union, and culturally speaking, it is also one of the closest countries to Hungary; Russia is an important player in global politics and a key to our energy security while Turkey is a core state of the Middle East and as such, important for us.
In terms of strategic and military policy, we have voiced harsh criticism of NATO. We firmly believe that the organization can only guarantee Hungary's and the world's security if it observes its original mission and remains a defence alliance. We support the forces that urge an ease of tensions between NATO and Russia.
The cause of Hungarians living in neighbouring countries: we demand European norms!
The cause of Hungarians living in neighbouring countries: we demand European norms!
The issue of Hungarians living in neighbouring countries has been in the forefront of Hungarian thinking ever since the 1920 peace dictate of Trianon, Paris. We have not been able to fully recover from the trauma and the situation is further aggravated by the neighbouring states' often hostile and intimidating steps against their local Hungarian communities.
Currently there are 2.5 million Hungarians living in the surrounding countries and half of them live in ethnic blocks, constituting the majority in their respective towns or regions. However, their rights and language use is only recognized by Slovenia, Austria and Croatia, even though the proportion of Hungarians living in these states is not quite significant. Contrary to the above, Slovakia's Hungarian community of 400 000 people remains stigmatized of collective guilt up to this day while the state administration constantly attempts to limit their language use, i.e., individuals using the Hungarian language often have to face legal sanctions. Romania's 1.5-million-strong Hungarian community lives in one block, forming an absolute majority in three counties. However, the authorities regularly take rough action against Hungarian national symbols and/or the users thereof, and the Hungarian intelligentsia often suffer harassment, intimidation, in extreme cases even imprisonment at nationwide level. Diaspora communities are often banned from using the Hungarian language. Even though Serbia has made some legal progress in the issue of the self-governance of the 200-thousand-strong Hungarian community in recent years, physical attacks on them are still common, with the abetting ignorance of the authorities. The worst situation is seen in Ukraine where lots of Hungarian youth are conscripted to the Ukrainian army while refugees are directed to the Hungarian-populated towns and villages, thus violently upsetting ethnic proportions. Furthermore, Hungarian-populated areas regularly experience intimidating acts by Ukrainian neo-Nazi groups.
In Jobbik's view: The situation of Hungarians living in the neighbouring countries requires immediate settlement. Neighbouring states must recognize the Hungarian communities' right for self-governance and ensure the conditions for their survival. Our position is that the Hungarian communities living in a block must be given a comprehensive territorial autonomy, while those living in the diaspora must be granted cultural autonomy. The neighbouring countries must finally abandon the false myth that there are no minorities living in their territories and, in compliance with the European norms, they must settle the status of Hungarian communities by giving them a Constitutional recognition. Anti-Hungarianism must be eliminated and the laws reminiscent of the dark 20th century periods must be annulled. Transylvania's or Slovakia's Hungarian communities must not be denied of the rights enjoyed by South Tirol or Catalonia.
INTERIOR POLICY - STABILITY AND PREDICTABILITY
The status of Hungary's ethnic minorities: real cultural diversity instead of chaos
Hungary has always been a culturally diverse and welcoming state which was built together by people speaking Hungarian, German, Croatian, Romanian, Serbian or Gypsy. Hungary currently has 13 recognized ethnic minorities, whose state-forming status, free language use and Parliamentary representation is guaranteed by the Fundamental Law of Hungary. As a patriotic force, Jobbik not only stands for the collective rights of the Hungarian communities living abroad but we also give our wholehearted support to improving the situation of the minorities living in Hungary, e.g. the German community, and we have advocated and will always advocate the development of their national education as well as the preservation of their national identity and language use.
The biggest problem for most ethnic groups is assimilation and exodus arising from living in rural areas. Contrary to that, the problems affecting the Gypsy community have already risen to demographic, social and public security issues by now, due to the grave political negligence of the matter. Inefficient, badly-executed integration programmes have caused that the situation of the Gypsy community has actually deteriorated quite much in the past 25 years instead of any improvement. Generations have grown up without seeing any positive example within the family, so they have carried on with the same lifestyle which often entails a criminal way of life. People's daily lives are soured by hundreds of theft, mugging, burglary and death threat cases which are most often committed by Gypsy individuals, not only against Hungarians but other Gypsy people as well. Thus the issue of Gypsy-Hungarian co-habitation remains in the forefront of the public discourse as a problem that still needs a solution.
In Jobbik's view: Jobbik's position is that each of Hungary's ethnic minorities must be supported in preserving their cultures and their political representation must be guaranteed. However, being a member of a minority group can never justify anybody's leading a life incompatible with the law. Ethnically based affirmative action must be eliminated. Gypsy people must understand that nothing is due to them solely on account of being a Gypsy. We must end financing development funds by hundreds of billions, most of which disappears in the pockets of various foundations, Gypsy organizations and civil rights activists. Gypsy crime must be eliminated therefore we need to reinforce our law enforcement agencies, even by a state-controlled involvement of voluntary organizations, if need be. We must establish a state-operated boarding-school system for Gypsy children with special education needs and adaptability problems. We will implement the "jobs instead of benefits" concept. In Jobbik's view, the real interest of the Gypsy community lies in a rapid social integration rather than affirmative action, the benefits of which the Gypsy community cannot really utilize in its current situation. Today, our party's programme is the only one that urges cooperation instead of increasing ethnic separation and divide.
Corruption: Take immediate action against corruption!
The Hungarian nation considered European integration as the solution for completing the country's transition from Communism into democracy, but it failed to meet the expectations. It is a fact which the Hungarian governments of the past 25 years are obviously responsible for. The failure of the foreign policy agendas or the Gypsy integration programmes was mainly caused by the fact that the allocated funds typically enriched groups of individuals with friendly ties to the reigning governments. Corruption has taken unimaginable measures under the previous governments, which finally aroused international attention after some government-linked businessmen and state leaders were banned from the United States.
In Jobbik's view: We must step up against corruption immediately and mercilessly. We practice what we preach: to this end, our party annually publishes the wealth gain audits of its politicians as well as those of their next of kin. Getting into government, we would apply this practice to the entire political leadership. We would abolish politicians' immunity and we would also introduce stricter regulations regarding political players by setting more severe punishment for economic crimes committed by such individuals.
ECONOMY - MUTUAL BENEFITS INSTEAD OF MODERN COLONIZATION
Industry, production: we will end Hungary's vulnerability
By 2016, Hungary got into a critical situation. Our factories disappeared, our enterprises went out of business, our jobs were gone, our towns and villages are dilapidated, our once flourishing agriculture vanished and over half a million Hungarians have emigrated consequently. The root cause lies in the incompetency and negligence of the Hungarian governments. Ever since the 1990s, it has become a common practice that the Hungarian state incentivizes the investments of foreign large businesses while Hungarian enterprises have not enjoyed the same benefits.
In Jobbik's view: While retaining the partnership with those international corporations that play a key role in the Hungarian economy, Jobbik also considers the development of Hungarian small and medium enterprises of paramount importance and thus the improvement of the state of rural settlements. The Hungarian industry and Hungarian enterprises may again be able to manufacture products meeting international market requirements. In order to ensure state support for SMEs, we will establish: an SME Bank, a National Factoring Company, an SME Leasing Company and a State Guarantee Facility.
TTIP: an all-European challenge
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership poses one of the greatest economic and political challenges of recent years for Hungary and for Europe alike. Obviously, overseas multinational companies have found close allies in the governments of several European countries and Brussels' bureaucrats so that they could jointly facilitate this agreement that poses a highly destructive threat to national economies as well as a lethal danger for the sovereignty of European states. Unfortunately, in spite of its fiery rhetoric, the Hungarian government promotes the acceptance of the TTIP, while hiding the details of the negotiations and the agreement from the Hungarian and the international public.
In Jobbik's view: No contract can be signed as long as it undermines Hungary's sovereignty as a state. The TTIP's provision to allow corporations to turn to an arbitration court and sue national states for their regulations is a lethal blow to national states as well as any democracy built on free elections. Furthermore, the treaty poses an imponderable threat to the economy and food safety of Hungary and other European states alike. That is why Jobbik has voiced its concerns about the agreement in all potential Hungarian and international forums, and that is why we offer our help to all forces that can join us in our struggle against the TTIP.
Agriculture and land protection: the foundation of our future
Hungarian agriculture has traditions dating back to many centuries and rural culture is a key element of Hungarian national identity. However, Hungarian agriculture has been in a disastrous situation since 1990. The structure of agriculture has changed and disintegrated due to the "reorganization" of cooperative farms and the redistribution of land, which enabled party commissars and cooperative farm directors to put their hands on the property of the cooperative farms and the nation or transfer it to foreign speculators. Most of our food industry was transferred to foreign ownership and got in decline. Today's Hungarian agriculture mainly puts out raw materials while we import most of the processed products.
Since the temporary ban on land sale expired in 2014, the sale of arable land poses an increasing threat, which may be further aggravated by such factors as the low Hungarian land prices in European comparison, the lack of control and corruption.
In Jobbik's view: we categorically say NO to Hungary's "South Americanization" which would entail a system of large estates owned by Hungarian oligarchs but employing very few people. We believe that the goal must be to achieve a family farm based land ownership structure and we are willing to confront even Brussels in this matter. In order to accomplish the goal above, we will develop a new land protection legislation and we will eliminate corruption and any land speculation in this area as well.